FEDERAL CRIMINAL SEARCHES
What is the difference between the federal criminal history search and national criminal database search?
While they may sound like the same type of database search, these two types of searches are distinct.
A Federal Criminal Search reports information from federal district courts and contain only specific high-level, white-collar crimes and crimes that cross state lines.
The National Criminal Database compiles data from thousands of sources at the county, state and federal levels.
Crimes reported in a federal criminal record include only those offenses that are federally prosecuted (violations under federal law as enforced by the FBI, DEA, ATF, and other government agencies) as opposed to local and state law. Therefor a state criminal record search will never return federal crimes. Each state has at least one federal district and so does the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands. In total there are 94 federal districts. It is important to point out that Federal violations will not appear in either a county or statewide criminal check, and offenses can include kidnapping, interstate transportation of stolen goods, bank robbery, drug trafficking, and embezzlement.
A Federal criminal background checks uncover federal crime case information from one of the 94 Federal District Courts nationwide. Federal background checks can reveal criminal cases involving:
- White-collar crimes
- Tax evasion
- Capital punishments
- Illegal sale of firearms
- Pornographic exploitation of minors
What may be reported on a federal criminal history search?
- District where record is recorded
- Case number
- Filing date
- Degree of offense, like misdemeanor
- Disposition date